Measurement and Analysis of GSM-Based Transmission Losses in Mkpat Enin and Its Environs in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

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MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS OF GSM-BASED TRANSMISSION LOSSES IN MKPAT ENIN AND ITS ENVIRONS, AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA.

  1. M. Usanga

Department of Physics, University of Uyo.

And

  1. J. Adams

Department of Electrical/Electronic Engineering.

Cross River State University of Technology Calabar.

 

Abstract

Path loss prediction is a necessary tool for Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) network design, location of Base Transceiver Station (BTS) and network coverage. Received Signal Strength (RSS) and path loss were obtained from a Mobile Telecommunication Network (MTN) base stations located at Mkpat Enin. This study investigates the performance evaluation of MTN- base signal transmission operating at 900MHZ band within Mkpat LGA and its environs, Akwa Ibom State Nigeria. The equation of line of regression obtained for the study area is . Comparative analysis of Mean Square Error (MSE) obtained showed that the COST-231 model has the least MSE value of 4.28dB for area under consideration. Thus, COST-231 model is more reliable and suitable for accurate path loss prediction in this area. The study supports the fact that path loss increases substantially and appreciably with an increase in path-length, foliage distance, and infrastructural development.

Keywords: Path loss, received signal strength (RSS), base transceiver station, mean square error (MSE), electromagnetic wave.

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