Corruption and Development in Nigeria: Imperative strategies for Eradication of Corruption and Sustainable Development
CORRUPTION AND DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: IMPERATIVE STRATEGIES FOR ERADICATION OF CORRUPTION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.
Faculty of Social and Management Science, ObioAkpa Campus,
Akwa Ibom State University
Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.
One of the most complicated and endemic problems in Nigeria is corruption. This social vice has virtually become a way of life. It cuts across the private and public sectors of Nigeria’s economy. Over the years, this pervasive behavioural pattern of almost all Nigerians has, directly or indirectly, impeded any form of selfless development. The extent is that Nigerians “carry arms” against any perceived effort to fight corruption in her polity. Very recently, “Give us back our corruption” is common on the lips of Nigerians. Efforts of the past and present administrations to eliminate the appalling social problem have been unsuccessful even as they foist a lip-service primordially fronted against the opposition; but causing the generality of Nigerians untold embarrassing consequences. Thus, attempt to fight corruption in Nigeria is simply fickle. Appling the social constructionist theory, this paper maintains that people indulge in pervasive corrupt behaviours in Nigeria because of their perception and value for corruption. To Nigerians and those living in and/or doing businesses in Nigeria, corruption is a lifestyle. Unfortunately, since independence in 1960, it has bred infrastructural impudence, extravagant governance, insecurity and distorted development priorities. These vices dissuade genuine hope of achieving sustainable development. This paper therefore recommends urgent and concrete necessities for a successful anti-corruption reform.
Keywords: Nigeria, social problems, corruption, sustainable development, anti-corruption reforms.